Eberspacher Diesel Water Heater Introduction & general information.
The majority of our Eberspacher pages are based on air heater models. The fundamental difference between air heaters and water heaters is just the way the heat is transferred out of the Eberspacher. Hence most of the general air heater information also applies to water heaters and that information will not be duplicated in water pages. We are now adding Eberspacher water heater pages but as we do not use water heaters ourselves our practical knowledge of these models is limited. Please help us improve the water pages by feeding back useful information.
We welcome corrections, constructive criticism, additions, photographs and especially donated heaters / parts.
Manuals and servicing information that may be of interest.
Download links for manuals.
http://www.eberspacher.com/ and http://www.espar.com/ used to have lots of manuals for downloading but recently the sites have been updated. Most manuals are no longer available from them.
Other Eberspacher documents have also been removed, we will update or replace links if possible.
Many manuals are still available from http://butlertechnik.com/
Each model usually has an Installation manual and a Troubleshooting manual. Some also have a Parts list.
Eberspacher have replaced paper manuals with cd copies.
Servicing information water heaters
See our servicing pages.
For models not covered some of the manuals have Troubleshooting / repair manuals.
Feedback on our Eberspacher pages has been very positive, keep it coming.
As a result of the feedback we are still working on improving the existing pages, increasing the models covered as well as preparing extra pages.
If you want to add links to us from forum articles etc please do so, each link helps the site get more widely known.
We would appreciate an email if you found these articles useful. It helps us to gauge how much interest there is in particular areas and whether it is worth spending a lot of time improving the pages.
The reason for having this site is to promote our Le Tonkinois natural varnish and Flexidisk sander products, we hope you will look at those pages as well as these.
Eberspacher model naming is confusing so a brief explanation of the models may help. However we are still finding out about water heater models and there are some models not included. Older models had a naming convention, newer models do not follow this system.
First Letter - D diesel, B petrol. Number generally represents heat output, higher number higher output
Letter - L air, W water. Older models only, newer models do not use this convention and use L for Large.
Any letters following identify the model, eg D1L, D1LC, D1LCC.
Water heater models
Oldest models D4W (not sold in UK), D5W, D7W, D9W, D10W.
Hydronic OEM D3WZ, D5WZ, possibly D4WZ (OEM specific heaters with no water pump)
Hydronic current D4WS (24v), D4WSC (12v), D5WS (24v), D5WSC (12v)
Hydronic M I D10W
Hydronic M II (2013) M8, M10, M12,
Hydronic L I L16, L24, L30, L35
Hydronic L II LII16, LII24, LII30, LII35
You use any information and advice we give entirely at your own risk. If you do not accept this do not use this site, go to an Eberspacher dealer. We have tried to make it as accurate as we can but accept no liability for errors or problems caused by following our pages. Some of the information is only suitable for people with a good aptitude for mechanical and electrical repairs. Any DIY involves some risk of accidents and you must decide if you are capable and can do it safely before carrying out any work. You should also ensure your DIY is done to a professional standard in order to avoid creating potential hazards and insurance invalidation.
Boat installations must strictly comply with Marine regulations.
Hydronic water heater operation.
Hot water path
Heat exchanger outer
Heated water outlet
Combustion air path
Combustion air inlet
Combustion air impeller
Glow pin and screen
Heat exchanger inner
Right Fuel inlet to pump.
Fuel is pumped in tiny measured amounts into the Eberspacher. It is mixed with the combustion air and burnt in the combustion chamber, the hot gasses pass through the inside of the heat exchanger before reaching the exhaust.
Water flows through the heater and is heated as it passes over the outside of the heat exchanger.
Conventional home central heating systems have a single pipe from the header tank to the piping as shown on the right. This allows for expansion of the water and to top up small losses of water. Eberspacher water heaters generally use two pipes as in this arrangement on the left so the hot water flows through the header tank.This increases the thermal capacity of the system which reduces the number of times the heater drops into standby. Two pipe header tanks installations like the one shown are preferred for 4 and 5kw heater models. On larger heaters routing the main return via the tank is too restrictive on flow rate so it is usual to fit it so a heater matrix or radiator return goes through the header tank.
Two pipe and one pipe Header tanks.
The target temperature of the heated water is fixed by the ECU inside the heater and not adjustable.
The system should be filled with a 10% to 50% antifreeze mixture, this also gives anti corrosion protection. Eberspacher stress the importance of fitting correctly adjusted balancing valves especially in the calorifier feed. They also recommend operating your heater differently from normal domestic household heating. These are explained in Eberspacher Technical Bulletin 281 which contains a lot of useful information. Click here for a copy. Pressurised water systems are very uncommon and usually only used where a header tank cannot be fitted. Pressurised systems are out of our area of expertise and are not covered on these pages.
Some vehicles are fitted with Eberspacher heaters plumbed into the vehicles water system. Here the Eberspacher and the vehicles own water system are interconnected and the electrics may be linked into the engine management system. Fault finding is best suited to a garage mechanic so we do not give specific advice on these systems. You should also consult Eberspacher for advice if you are considering installing a water heater into the engine water system of a modern vehicle that does not have one fitted as the engine management system may detect the unexpected extra heat and decide it is a fault condition.
The Eberspacher Handiwash is an electric heater which should be straightforward to repair so is not covered here. http://www.allsafetyproducts.biz/files/323655/uploaded/ASPHandiwashtechnical_brochure.pdf describes a roughly similar handiwash heater and could be a good starting point for any investigations.
Eberspacher video http://www.espar.com/videos/hydronic-tech-info.html is informative, you can skip over the first minute.